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Literature review: Climate-Smart problem for Agriculture
The “Ten Problems for Agriculture in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form of journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.
Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:
- climate change,
- precision agriculture,
- crop planning,
- soil ecosystem,
- developing countries,
- biological control.
Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.
The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.
THE PROBLEM – The combination of new technologies in the form of algorithms, software and hardware, broadly referred as smart agriculture, allows real time control of farms and calibrated actions, where needed. Smart agriculture helps farmers mitigate climate change effects while increasing productivity through efficiency. This is mostly important in an underdeveloped and developing countries, where innovation really makes a big difference, but education, access and financial incentives are still lacking.
CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …
CONCLUSIONS — Climate-smart agriculture is a concept originally coined by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations as a solution to the interlinked challenges of food security and climate change. It aims for three objectives: to sustainably increase agricultural productivity to support equitable increases in farm incomes, food security and development; to adapt and build resilience to climate change at multiple levels; and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture. Most African governments have formed climate-smart agriculture task forces for developing and disseminating climate-smart agriculture technologies but they need to increase the level of competency of advisory services to farmers by showing the needed factors that will serve as strategies to scale up the needed technologies. Increasing the resistance of crops to adverse environmental conditions is one of the most important challenges to sustain or enhance crop productivity. End-to-end digitalization has begun, services and forms of providing services to data producers are being developed. To a large extent, COVID-19 did not reveal only the limits of national and international health systems; it also illustrated the fragility of food systems, and how easily those can be disrupted.
TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …
booklet updated on 5 Dec 2020, now on sale as version 1.1