Agriculture problem: Crop Planning

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Literature review: Crop Planning problem for Agriculture

The “Ten Problems for Agriculture in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form of journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. climate change, 
  2. precision agriculture,
  3. crop planning,
  4. climate-smart,
  5. soil ecosystem,
  6. entrepreneurship,
  7. competitiveness,
  8. sustainability,
  9. developing countries,
  10. biological control.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

3 Crop Planning

THE PROBLEM – Crop planning is relevant to farmers not only for economical profit but also for the sustainability of their soil ecosystem, the mitigation of the climate change effects on local productivity and the connection with businesses like dairy farms and small local markets. Optimization models for crop planning rely upon advanced, quantitative methods and new technologies, but also upon the better consideration of classic farming protocols through the analysis of untested or forgotten options.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — There is a lot of room for improvement in terms of optimizing sustainability and yield, and the scientific method is required to establish such improvement. Growing only one crop over the entire planning horizon, as employed in industrial agriculture, leads to a considerable profit loss and degrades soil. An advanced crop rotation plan will balance many factors like diseases and nutrient needs but farmers should plan where they will sell their crops before they even plant them. Different type of soil with suitable crop and land type classification with intercropping techniques are required, especially where agriculture mainly relies on rainfall and sustainable crop choices are expected to change into the future. In general, diversified crop rotation with no chemical protection results in a satisfactory yield and reduces weed abundance without a decrease in functional diversity. That said, crop planning optimization models are not linear because of complex environmental processes and practical issues like dairy herd management and farm performances, even where the most contemporary research based on image processing is adopted. One lesson of the COVID-19 pandemic is all that is consumed within a particular region need to be majorly produced within or all that is produced should get majorly consumed within the region itself.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Agriculture in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

booklet updated on 5 Dec 2020, now on sale as version 1.1

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds