Agriculture problem: Entrepreneurship

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Literature review: Entrepreneurship problem for Agriculture

The “Ten Problems for Agriculture in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form of journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. climate change, 
  2. precision agriculture,
  3. crop planning,
  4. climate-smart,
  5. soil ecosystem,
  6. entrepreneurship,
  7. competitiveness,
  8. sustainability,
  9. developing countries,
  10. biological control.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

6 Entrepreneurship

THE PROBLEM – Entrepreneurship in underdeveloped and emerging countries is a way to reduce poverty in rural areas that rely upon agriculture to survive. That said, in spite of transnational programmes aimed at knowledge dissemination and mass encouragement, recent case studies show that fundamental steps must be taken at local level for the benefit of local communities. Formal education, structured incentives, organized markets, attainable benchmarks and individual attitude all concur to increase agriculture entrepreneurship.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Rural poverty is by far the largest contributor to overall poverty in under-developed countries. Pessimism with the role of agriculture for growth and poverty reduction has been voiced by influential economists but the aim of bioeconomy is to use renewable biological resources in a more sustainable manner. The implementation of methods and approaches of managing the agrarian sector applied by world leaders is pursued in spite of inconsistencies of the institutional frameworks of entrepreneurial activity, which lead to a decrease in the number of enterprises or economic entities. Young graduate students from emerging countries show a favorable influence of entrepreneurial intentions. They ask for information and consulting services for small forms of agricultural entrepreneurship based on the use of telecommunication technologies. Secondary educated young people are also interested in agro-tourism as a kind of enterprise to escape unemployment. A significant relationship exists between access to information through classroom lectures, traditional mass media, and the Internet with students’ attitude towards agricultural entrepreneurship. Even smallholder agricultural farms impact positively on household income, job creation and formal market access but inadequate access to inputs, markets, and start-up capital are the most severe challenges they face. One of the few sectors that has displayed resilience under COVID-19 lockdowns is agriculture.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Agriculture in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

booklet updated on 5 Dec 2020, now on sale as version 1.1

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds