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Climate

Climate problem: Energy Policies

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Literature review: Energy Policies problem for Climate

The “Ten Problems for Climate in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. energy policies, 
  2. effects,
  3. machine learning,
  4. communication,
  5. non-state actors,
  6. social sciences,
  7. green infrastructures,
  8. mitigation,
  9. regional environments,
  10. economics.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.


1 Energy Policies

THE PROBLEM — Energy-transition policies are needed to implement greenhouse-gas (GHG) reduction. Scenarios provide an inclusive and strategic framework that enables big-picture thinking in order to keep global warming below 1.5 °C. Household energy efficiency efforts alone are shown to be ineffective for reducing GHG emissions, also needing to focus on transport, the circular economy, non-CO2 GHGs like fluorinated gases.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon

CONCLUSIONS — Scenarios are designed to be used as a set to explore and navigate what might happen and support a better-quality global strategic dialogue on the future of energy systems. The lack of progress on greenhouse-gas reduction at the global level has drawn attention to the need to strengthen support for energy-transition policies. Cities, the core of the global climate change mitigation and strategic low-carbon development, are shelters to more than half of the world population and responsible for three quarters of global energy consumption and greenhouse gas. Many obstacles and opportunities in achieving the so-called energy transition in Europe are social and cultural in nature and require interdisciplinary solutions that go beyond efficiency approaches. Challenges must be faced in order to achieve the Paris Agreement target of keeping the increase in global temperature well below 2°C and to pursue efforts to achieve 1.5 °C. Japan is proclaiming a “decarbonized society” as the ultimate goal and aiming to accomplish it ambitiously as early as possible in the second half of this century. The swift adoption of renewable energy solutions combined with energy efficiency strategies constitute safe, reliable and affordable pathways capable of achieving over 90% of the energy-related carbon-dioxide emission reductions. A Green New Deal is a radical policy approach combining environmental and economic policies. Large-scale green infrastructure projects and green R&D investment, while good for the climate, are unlikely to generate enough employment to effectively alleviate the coronavirus crisis. The way that the concept of energy efficiency is applied to the physical, material world is a value judgement that brings with it societal trade-offs that are not fully understood.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon


Climate
“Ten Problems for Climate in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

booklet updated on 13 Dec 2020, now on sale as version 1.1

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds