Climate problem: Green Infrastructures

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Literature review: Green Infrastructures problem for Climate

The “Ten Problems for Climate in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. energy policies, 
  2. effects,
  3. machine learning,
  4. communication,
  5. non-state actors,
  6. social sciences,
  7. green infrastructures,
  8. mitigation,
  9. regional environments,
  10. economics.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

7 Green Infrastructures

THE PROBLEM — A more strategic and integrated approach to scale-up investments in Green Infrastructure projects worldwide is needed. We know little about the design of cities, roads and other infrastructures to minimize their ecological footprint. Cities are recognized as a priority source of pollution. A variety of green space intervention approaches and their related impacts must be assessed. There is an emerging need for stakeholders, including policy makers, planners, engineers, utilities, and communities to understand infrastructure failures, also comparing technical and financial approaches taken in different parts of the world.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Green Infrastructure is a strategically planned network of natural and semi-natural areas with other environmental features designed and managed to deliver a wide range of ecosystem services. There is still a lack of a definitive model of urban / metropolitan sustainability, but an integrated approach between participatory planning and the methods of social multi-criteria evaluation is required. Interventions should employ a dual approach that incorporates promotion and marketing of urban green space as well as changing the physical environment. Infrastructures are largely designed as fail‐safe; that is, they are not intended to fail, and when failure happens, the consequences are severe. For example, the implementation of green infrastructure, specifically focuses on the issue of temperature regulation in South African cities. Already, 400 cities have been declared to be in a “climate emergency” state. In United States cities, recent major green infrastructure design features with multiple benefits have been: bioretention areas, permeable pavements, grassed swales, rainwater harvesting, rain gardens, and curb cuts. Grants were the most common financial tool with about two-thirds of the projects reporting information on financial tools receiving grant funding. The very expression “ecosystem services” conveys the idea of a full acquisition of nature to a logic of economic efficiency and value extraction.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Climate in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

booklet updated on 13 Dec 2020, now on sale as version 1.1

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds