Arts problem: Education

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Literature review: Education problem for Arts

This “Ten Problems for Arts in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. education, 
  2. authentication,
  3. participation,
  4. entrepreneurship,
  5. aesthetics,
  6. creativity,
  7. technology,
  8. environment,
  9. science,
  10. regulation.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

1 Education

THE PROBLEM — Education in the tradition of the liberal arts with roots in Ancient Greece is now a global phenomenon. Arts, Humanities and Cultural Studies are necessary for the development of critical thinking of citizens who are self-aware, empathetic, open-minded, committed to pro-social values and causes, inspired by and able to achieve meaningful personal, community, and social goals. Recent attacks on liberal education, though, have criticized it for being irrelevant, elitist, and expensive, not preparing students for attractive careers. A liberal education for our time can merge traditional ideas with current calls for reform by emphasizing the transformation of thought into action, also to promote diversity and innovation.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Experiential learning is the most effective and popular way to embody ideals of liberal arts education nowadays. Arts, Humanities and Cultural Studies are the promoters of critical thinking. Some of the more intangible potential returns of liberal education are related to non-cognitive development of young adults that transcends specific knowledge. Two straightforward ideas can help construct sustainable versions of liberal education: first, emphasize the relationship between thinking and effective action; second, accomplish the construction of a connection between thought and action. In the United States, although liberal arts majors do start behind their engineering and science peers in terms of salary, those differences narrow over time. How can colleges and universities ensure that liberal arts education is preserved as a core component of their educational mission? The qualities selective colleges look for and seek to develop are different from those most important for business or political success. A recent, interdisciplinary Data Analytics program takes a more holistic approach to integrating liberal arts into an undergraduate curriculum. In very diverse contexts, it is important to proactively anticipate students’ different backgrounds and strengths into pedagogy and course design: a fundamental value conflict exists between liberal education with its emphasis on autonomy and, for example, Japanese culture with its emphasis on harmony.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Arts in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds