Arts problem: Entrepreneurship

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Literature review: Entrepreneurship problem for Arts

This “Ten Problems for Arts in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. education, 
  2. authentication,
  3. participation,
  4. entrepreneurship,
  5. aesthetics,
  6. creativity,
  7. technology,
  8. environment,
  9. science,
  10. regulation.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

4 Entrepreneurship

THE PROBLEM — Since the turn of the 21st century, we have witnessed the steady rise of the artist as artpreneur. Artists access and negotiate different forms of capital to realize their creative energy. Teaching in entrepreneurship and arts entrepreneurship education has grown significantly but scholars have been critical of the lack of theory guiding entrepreneurship research, education and practice. Case studies are often only relevant at local level.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — In addition to making works of art, artists who fashion themselves as artpreneurs often are self-employed, they seek out opportunities for new ventures beyond their studio. Focusing on the role interactive and collective learning plays in enabling what constitutes a museum helps understand which capitals are accessed in arts entrepreneurship. The crucial importance of appointing suitable people who can be trusted to act as artistic executors is now clear. Everyone can access art through the internet, a factor that led many experts to discuss the democratization of art and a consequent art market bloom. The arts entrepreneurship body of knowledge is not yet connected to theoretical work directly related to experiential and entrepreneurial learning. Therefore, arts entrepreneurship researchers have had to import other theories from outside of the arts literature to provide a rationale for their conceptual frameworks. Higher education and more experience make it easier to utilize and understand Core Competence and Unique Value Proposition as parts of the arts entrepreneurial process. Courses are being developed to explore practical methods for community arts organizations to survive in an ever-changing society and industry. Greater motivation of non-profit arts subjects to extend the multi-source funding as cultural entrepreneurship is still impeded by a number of obstacles in the non-profit sectors. Western and Chinese artists experience similar career patterns, although differing opportunities and explicit strategies seem related to local context.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Arts in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds