Education problem: Standardization

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Literature review: Standardization problem for Education

This “Ten Problems for Education in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. funding, 
  2. safety,
  3. technology,
  4. standardization,
  5. teachers,
  6. lifelong learning,
  7. diversity,
  8. creativity,
  9. accreditation,
  10. new trends.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

4 Standardization

THE PROBLEM — The academic prototype of knowledge is that it is context free, coherent, progressive, and natural. Barriers and motivation actually impede standardization and its integration into the curricula is difficult. Practice-oriented training can be considered as a mechanism for the development of students’ professional potential, taking into account national characteristics.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Academics and students are expected to have a global outlook and capabilities, which has increased the transnational export of certain knowledge that is deemed universally applicable. As the use of standardized tests for high-stakes exams increased and teaching to the test instead of the knowledge started to appear, so did the critique of their use. Students are generally disappointed by their experiences of online learning effectiveness during the pandemic. Instructor quality, course design, ICT orientation, conscientiousness, open-mindedness, and agreeableness have a positive impact on the satisfaction of the students in online classes during the COVID 19 pandemic. Most students appreciate the increased flexibility of remote learning, but they also identify several deficits that still need to be addressed. Comparative education should be opened up to wide participation and many voices, complexity and wonder, difference and new thinking. Social-emotional learning posits that education should focus less on academic content knowledge and more on students’ attitudes, mindsets, values, and behaviors, but the evidence of better results is thin. The analysis of the historical pedagogical heritage of outstanding teachers in Russia and abroad suggests that the basis of any training is activity. Autonomy of teachers appears to have a significant impact on the implementation of curriculum, assessment, and other aspects of education in high-achieving Finland. In China, the teaching system is being optimized with the support of professional background, aiming at cultivating students’ entrepreneurial awareness and ability.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Education in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

booklet updated on 26 Jan 2021, now on sale as version 1.1

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds