Economy problem: Markets

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Literature Review: Markets problem for Economy

This “Ten Problems for Economy in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. business, 
  2. finance,
  3. policies,
  4. technology,
  5. debt,
  6. labor,
  7. entrepreneurship,
  8. markets,
  9. wealth,
  10. growth.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

8 Markets

THE PROBLEM — Since the 1990s, transparency has imposed itself as a world society norm and a universal panacea in national and transnational governance. Ethical consumers have been cast as the ideal market-based solution to a range of collective problems, such as issues of sustainability, animal welfare and inequality. That said, the discount rate that consumers appear to use in their decisions about paying more initially for later energy savings is often too high relative to the market discount rate used by the analysts. Emerging markets and novel technologies are expected to move traditional patterns toward new opportunities.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — A long-run genealogical exploration of the dynamics through which transparency has been inscribed in transnational economic and market governance is lacking. A neo-communitarian discourse seems to gain strength, replacing the neoliberal version of the market. The best available evidence suggests that energy efficiency programs transfer money from some utility customers to others with no gains in efficiency. Most carmakers are ready to embrace electrification and are leaving behind the ‘technology neutrality’ approach, focusing on scaling up electric car volumes instead. Internet of Things Big Data presents a significant opportunity for mobile network operators to diversify revenue sources and counteract the declining cellular connectivity that is occurring in many parts of the world. A commerce-based structure, in which governments provide a legal framework where the private sector can flourish, would greatly advance the use of the space environment. The brand trust decline is due to digitalization, expectations / satisfaction and confusion for the consumer. The impact of COVID-19 created an unprecedented level of risk, such as plummeting oil prices and triggering the US stock market circuit breaker four times, which caused investors to suffer heavy losses in a short period. Although previous research finds that Bitcoin should act as a hedge during times of economic turmoil, the performance observed during COVID-19 suggests otherwise. The impact of Economic Policy Uncertainty on the financial volatility is not significant during the pandemic phase of COVID-19.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Economy in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

booklet updated on 30 Mar 2021, now on sale as version 1.1

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds