Politics problem: Authoritarianism

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Literature Review: Authoritarianism problem for Politics

This “Ten Problems for Politics in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. liberalism, 
  2. democracy,
  3. authoritarianism,
  4. mondialism,
  5. populism,
  6. immigration,
  7. diversity,
  8. international relations,
  9. instability,
  10. peace.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

3 Authoritarianism

THE PROBLEM — Political scientists are deeply troubled by the rise of populism and authoritarianism across the world. By installing non-competitive multiparty systems which merely pretend pluralism, these regimes maintain a strong grip on power. Digital authoritarianism is reshaping the power balance between democracies and autocracies. Do democracies perform better than more autocratic political systems? National authoritarianism, sectarianism, populism and sub-national governments entertain complex relationships and authoritarian practices while shifting the blame at national and local level for unfavorable outcomes.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — The concern is that legislatures are ceding power to increasingly assertive executive bodies that work to supplant legislative processes with executive processes. The simulation of pluralism is a key feature of hegemonic regimes and the leaders of hegemonic regimes use a surprisingly democratic style of language to sustain this facade of pluralism. China and Russia have developed and exported distinct technology-driven playbooks for authoritarian rule. A continuum from the most open democracies to the most closed authoritarian systems, with intermediate forms of less open democracies, can be conceived. Frequent occurrence of deadly repression within societies experiencing high levels of inequalities can be pointed out. Having locally elected officials instead of centrally appointed ones may help electoral authoritarian regimes deflect responsibility for some unfavorable outcomes. Once pre-determined characteristics of countries are accounted for, COVID-19 death rates equalize across political regimes. The shock of Donald Trump’s rogue presidency has spurred an outpouring of puzzled commentary: is authoritarianism the key to that unity? Working with like-minded partners would enable Europeans to negotiate collectively and from a position of strength with China and other non-democracies. There is often a persistence of authoritarian or undemocratic subnational governments within apparently democratic national regimes.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Politics in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

booklet updated on 2 Mar 2021, now on sale as version 1.1

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds