Politics problem: Democracy

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Literature Review: Democracy problem for Politics

This “Ten Problems for Politics in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. liberalism, 
  2. democracy,
  3. authoritarianism,
  4. mondialism,
  5. populism,
  6. immigration,
  7. diversity,
  8. international relations,
  9. instability,
  10. peace.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

2 Democracy

THE PROBLEM — The value, viability and future of democracy are more contested now than ever before in modern history. Autocratization, the decline of democracy, affects more countries than ever before. Digital technology can be used in the service of liberal or authoritarian societies, strengthening both government accountability and repressive capabilities. Increased criticism over time and democratic deficit from weak treaties have become vital problems for the survival of the European Union.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — The share of high-quality democracies is decreasing and many of them are confronted with populist challengers. In the short term, democratic institutions may react slowly but are less likely to change under the pressure of the pandemic. The United States should take a prominent role in the development and expansion of election security expertise by leading the creation of an Election Security Centre of Excellence (ESCOE) accredited by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Google has likely been determining the outcomes of upwards of 25 percent of the national elections worldwide since at least 2015. The European Union treaties are inadequate to prevent member states to act against the democratic norms of the EU. An epistemology of political culture aimed at identifying the basic ways in which the citizen and the state work together in a complex relationship is being pursued. A nascent line of research asks whether people’s reports of their factual beliefs are genuine or are instead a form of partisan cheerleading. Journalism does not sufficiently support democracy because citizen action centered democracy does not translate to effective practice. If hyperlocal media presence on social networks is limited to a few platforms, democracy dialogue in the local public sphere may be at risk. In the post-Cold War period, countries that are less democratic are more likely to export arms, military pacts are less relevant and embargoes play a role.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Politics in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

booklet updated on 2 Mar 2021, now on sale as version 1.1

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds