Politics problem: International Relations

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Literature Review: International Relations problem for Politics

This “Ten Problems for Politics in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. liberalism, 
  2. democracy,
  3. authoritarianism,
  4. mondialism,
  5. populism,
  6. immigration,
  7. diversity,
  8. international relations,
  9. instability,
  10. peace.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

8 International Relations

THE PROBLEM — The centrality of anarchy and sovereignty as the fundamental structuring principles of international politics are increasingly called into question. Progress is being made in understanding the complex and multifaceted story of the emergence and maturation of International Relations as an academic field of study. The construction of ‘the enemy’ spans a vast expanse of time, geography and culture. Small material interventions into world politics can radically shift individual behaviors by encouraging greater rationality, reflexivity and deliberation. The capacity to act in international politics is not analytically given but constructed.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Feminist scholars shift the focus of International Relations from inter-state relations toward relational agents embedded in gendered and racialized hierarchies. Realist theory, which highlights the prioritization of national interests over collective action, provides the most optimal approach for a full understanding of global responses to COVID-19. Identities and logics of othering are not only constructed prior to action but also emanate from war experience. Knowledge production and dissemination to policymakers or global publics is often unable to effect influence over social practices. It is necessary to find points of critical sympathy between the subjugator and the subjugated that can be leveraged for the ethical-political good. Mainstream International Relations approaches look just as problematic from the perspective of contemporary empiricism as they do to scientific realists. Rather than taking international agency for granted, it should be inquired into how it is gained, contested and transformed in practice. There are three areas in particular where the new Biden administration’s policy choices are most likely to affect Australia: China policy; climate policy; and digital platforms. Australia’s international relations sector has a severe gender imbalance in its workforce. Responsible political action, which is responsible precisely as, and only if, it accounts for contingency and negation, must hence act only in such a way that its consequences are reversible.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Politics in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

booklet updated on 2 Mar 2021, now on sale as version 1.1

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds