Politics problem: Liberalism

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Literature Review: Liberalism problem for Politics

This “Ten Problems for Politics in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. liberalism, 
  2. democracy,
  3. authoritarianism,
  4. mondialism,
  5. populism,
  6. immigration,
  7. diversity,
  8. international relations,
  9. instability,
  10. peace.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

1 Liberalism

THE PROBLEM — Political liberalism was developed in the final decades of the 20th century as a reasonably stable and not too one-sided marriage between constitutional parliamentary democracy and capitalism. It is now in the interests of the G20 countries, as long-term beneficiaries of the liberal order, to take a leadership role in promoting the values of liberalism and democracy. To mitigate the abuses associated with hierarchy and social capital networks that face little competition, thoroughgoing liberalism that itself relies on social capital is necessary. Resilience can best be understood as reflecting the consequences of neoliberal policies.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon

CONCLUSIONS — Rawls used the term ‘stability’ to cover two distinct yet connected issues: the need for peaceful coexistence, and the need for a morally acceptable consensus. A participatory political culture must be established in order to engage an apathetic public in policy and decision making. Neither social capital nor hierarchies are to blame per se, but a lack of liberalism is. The emphasis on individuals as resilient subjects simply represents a new phase in the neoliberal shift from the state as provider to state as enabler and promoter of self-reliance. Edificatory-perfectionist systems can be overbearing, and may fail to restrain themselves, thus exhibiting a quidnunc mentality or the attitude of a busybody. Epistemic institutionalism is the term Boettke uses to refer to the way in which different institutional arrangements have different capacities to generate the knowledge and the feedback needed. Geographical scholarship on the consequences of foundations funding and influence remains relatively sparse, and research from other disciplines is predominately critical. A more modest version of liberalism concerned primarily with protection against cruelty and providing a modus vivendi in pluralistic societies is more tenable. A global, environmental, moral, economic, and ontological crisis questions the viability of the enlightenment modernity project. The Biden administration faces significant challenges if it is to engage effectively with the international legal order and address the many problems confronting the United States and the world.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon

“Ten Problems for Politics in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

booklet updated on 2 Mar 2021, now on sale as version 1.1

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds