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Politics

Politics problem: Populism

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Literature Review: Populism problem for Politics

This “Ten Problems for Politics in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. liberalism, 
  2. democracy,
  3. authoritarianism,
  4. mondialism,
  5. populism,
  6. immigration,
  7. diversity,
  8. international relations,
  9. instability,
  10. peace.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.


5 Populism

THE PROBLEM — Rising tide of social liberalism in the population threatens socially conservative authoritarian voters or identities around faith, family, nation. Populism ideological core is nourished by the two main entities, the nation and the people, that have fleshed out popular sovereignty in the age of democratization. Political identities and the localized effects of global economic crises are crucial for understanding electoral behavior, at a time when common sense can often look ugly. Sovereignism claims to take back control, that is to say to return to the traditional understanding of sovereignty being based upon mutually exclusive territories.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Populists emphasize that rightful political authority is based in popular sovereignty and majority rule. Populism consists in a transmutation of the democratic principles, the majority and the people, in a way that is meant to celebrate “a part” of the people against another one through a leader embodying it and an audience legitimizing it. Positive and negative partisanship denotes voters who are loyal supporters of a given party, the latter refers to voters who reject a specific party. Populist monetary policy is dominated by fiscal policy, and the central bank finances very large increases in public expenditures. Populist support is strongest in communities that experienced long-term economic and social decline. The divergence in views about the pandemic in Brazil is driven largely by Bolsonaro supporters who prefer to consume news online. We can attribute the deaths of tens of thousands of Americans from COVID-19, measles, and other vaccine-preventable diseases to anti-science. In terms of the general effect of the media on populist success, perspectives from different countries vary a lot. Sovereignism is an aspect of populist discourse, but not exclusive to it; it is a distinct and multidimensional concept, an anti-establishment discourse criticizing representative democracy. A key role at electoral level is played by turnout incentives after economic insecurity shocks.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …


Politics
“Ten Problems for Politics in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

booklet updated on 2 Mar 2021, now on sale as version 1.1

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds