Press and Media

Press and Media problem: Diversity

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Literature Review: Diversity problem for Press and Media

This “Ten Problems for Press and Media in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. profitability, 
  2. subsidies,
  3. entertainment,
  4. artificial intelligence,
  5. disinformation,
  6. trust,
  7. diversity,
  8. regulation,
  9. staff issues,
  10. podcasts.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

7 Diversity

THE PROBLEM — Diversity is recognized as a significant criterion for appraising the democratic performance of media systems. Public Service Media organizations need to balance the optimization of exposure with traditional but ill-defined policy goals such as fairness, viewpoint diversity and transparency. Often, media portrayals of ethnic minority groups are uncommon and, if shown, defaulted to stereotypes. Recently, the major social media companies have been under attack for a number of reasons. Public relations professionals should gain intercultural competencies and multicultural perspectives before they enter the global industry.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — A new averaged measure of the most stable diversity indices should be developed. Public Service Media organizations, although viewing personalization as competitive necessity, approach recommendation systems with hesitation in order to maintain core values in the online environment. Black British journalists are all too aware that the British journalistic field, like the American one, has a race problem. Among other questions, the way that Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and similar platforms moderate content remains at the centre of harsh debate. Younger, less educated users have little exposure to non-personalized news and show little concern about diverse news recommendations. Communicators must create verbal and visual content to reach multicultural and international audiences, particularly with the increasing use of online platforms around the globe. Published accounts are from a particular segment of society, with a diversity deficit for those coming from minority backgrounds or positions of social marginalization. With the COVID-19 pandemic, the past year has brought unprecedented challenges to everyone in the media psychology research community. Regulating national broadcasting systems will become increasingly difficult for states to handle alone, particularly with the rise of networked technologies operating at the platform level. Availability and accessibility do not necessary translate into visibility and actual consumer demand; this can be seen in the independent platforms’ low market shares.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Press and Media in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page 

booklet updated on 5 May 2021, now on sale as version 1.1 

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds