Justice problem: Diversity

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Literature Review: Diversity problem for Justice

This “Ten Problems for Justice in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. policies, 
  2. criminal,
  3. financial,
  4. drugs,
  5. environmental,
  6. violence,
  7. family,
  8. open access,
  9. artificial intelligence,
  10. diversity.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

10 Diversity

THE PROBLEM — Little research has examined how intergroup contact predicts advantaged group members’ inclinations toward collective action to support the interests of disadvantaged groups. The only way to redistribute access and opportunity is to prioritize the interests of students of color and disadvantaged minorities.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Positive contact with Black Americans predicts greater support for collective action through a sequential process of fostering greater feelings of empathy for Black Americans and anger over injustice. White women’s inclinations to protest for racial justice may be linked to the close relationships they have with people targeted by prejudice, while more general forms of positive contact may not be related to such action. Effective equity efforts focus not on fixing students of color, but on eliminating racist conditions. Despite an increasing number of instructors bringing a critical analysis of racial in/justice to their curriculum, many report challenges in teaching this content effectively. Women of Latino descent have to overcome additional challenges by virtue of adding their gender to their list of obstacles, along with their racial identities. Simultaneous and interlocking systems of racism, sexism, homophobia, and heterosexism must be included in any analysis of burnout. A relatively moderate level of diversity in collaborative membership tends to be more beneficial for promoting perceptions of procedural justice than either low or high diversity, or both. A change of any sort in the rules governing high court appointments promotes diversity, especially changes in the rules regarding the individuals empowered to nominate judge. For immigrants, the intersectionality of race, language, citizenship status, and economic position create, for many, exposures to multiple forms of oppression and marginalization. Nepal is the first country in the history of Asia to have made the most comprehensive code of law and justice, also the first country to practice natural justice.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Justice in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds