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Justice

Justice problem: Open Access

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Literature Review: Open Access problem for Justice

This “Ten Problems for Justice in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. policies, 
  2. criminal,
  3. financial,
  4. drugs,
  5. environmental,
  6. violence,
  7. family,
  8. open access,
  9. artificial intelligence,
  10. diversity.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.


8 Open Access

THE PROBLEM — Open frameworks should align all stakeholders’ interests to create sufficient incentives for them to make contributions in a sustainable way. Global environmental change is disrupting peoples’ access to resources in many different ways. Broader representation is what all should be aiming for and what we collectively need to achieve to reduce inequality. Institutional frameworks are often not suited to resolving complex social dilemmas.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Law schools, law libraries, and professional organizations should import a lot more financial support, professional support, and administrative support. An egalitarian social logic may be key to understanding motivations of parochial altruism. Social-ecological transformations are contingent on the distribution of power and agency at different scales, and thus, produce socially differentiated outcomes. Academic publishing practices are inherently ideological and concentrated in certain areas (the center), these areas tend to be English-speaking countries. Intellectual and cultural inequality are part and parcel of socioeconomic inequality. There are no institutional panaceas for resolving complex social dilemmas, as the emerging global digital ecosystem called the Internet of Everything. Although communal lands are prime sources of livelihood in rural farming communities, empirical evidence shows gaps in their legal recognition and protection in Ethiopia. A shift in the governance system is necessary in Spain to guarantee the in situ maintenance of landraces. Higher education institutions play a key role in triggering a sustainable change. Although local public transport companies are usually subsidized, companies rely on revenues generated by ticket sales.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …


Justice
“Ten Problems for Justice in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds