Justice problem: Violence

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Literature Review: Violence problem for Justice

This “Ten Problems for Justice in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. policies, 
  2. criminal,
  3. financial,
  4. drugs,
  5. environmental,
  6. violence,
  7. family,
  8. open access,
  9. artificial intelligence,
  10. diversity.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

6 Violence

THE PROBLEM — Violence spreads from extreme forms of destruction to expressions entangled in our everyday life. There is a growth of awareness and interest in the subject of gender versus violence, for which patriarchy is currently the most common cause of domestic violence. Violence is experienced indirectly by any minority and directly by any people with some sort of social stigma on them. Restorative justice seems a way to reduce recidivism but it is not well understood by offenders yet.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Undeniable is the destabilizing effect that the experience of violence has on those who are involved, under different hypostases, as victims, actors, or witnesses. The phenomenon of violence and control being connected with gender is global, although it takes on different forms depending on the location. Most of the criminal justice agencies in the United Kingdom are struggling to accept domestic violence as an actual problem, failure to effectively identify victims and enforce the law that is provided. Anger, as much as the desire for revenge, expressed as the desire to take justice into one’s own hands, shows a high correlation rate for predatory, cognitively planned violence. The social ambivalence toward sexuality in America has produced an environment in which those who violate sexual standards are stigmatized, and in some cases targeted with violent intentions. Vigilante violence originates from fear, righteous anger, and retaliatory punitive desire that stems from violations of moral imperatives. Mob justice, sometimes called Jungle Justice, refers to the act of a group of people, taking the law into their own hands and enacting violent justice on an alleged criminal. Recidivism in the United States continues to have rates of approximately 70%. Female offenders in the United Kingdom do not understand what Restorative Justice is. Justice-involved veterans face increased behavioral health issues and are more likely to be incarcerated for a violent offense compared to non-veterans.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Justice in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds