Manufacturing problem: Industry 4.0

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Literature Review: Industry 4.0 problem for Manufacturing

This “Ten Problems for Manufacturing in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. sustainability, 
  2. industry 4.0,
  3. smart,
  4. responsibility,
  5. additive,
  6. digitalization,
  7. supply chain,
  8. optimization,
  9. skills gap,
  10. distributed.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

2 Industry 4.0

THE PROBLEM —The instrumental technology that will drive the Fourth Industrial Revolution is the integration of the physical and digital factory into one cyber-physical system. Many new helpers and assistance systems for Industry 4.0 operators and small or medium enterprises are currently under development. Research has, thus far, failed to prove its benefits for a more sustainable production and, therefore, societal development. Logistics, automotive, smart home and agriculture are the main application areas.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Recent literature about Industry 4.0 focuses on novel technologies, the benefits of realizing in the factory, the challenges of implementing in the organization and what future industrial practice would require. Most efforts have been invested in the field of cognitive aid for the execution of production systems. Industry 4.0 is not a single technology, but a socio-technical concept in which technological, social and organizational aspects interact. Its main application areas appear to be mechanical and plant engineering for logistics, automotive, smart home and agriculture. Ubiquitous manufacturing means that the manufacturing process can be handled from anywhere and anytime. Depending on the area of either Circular Economy or Industry 4.0, it is possible to see the prevalence of some Industry 4.0 technology than others. The most important step for managers is to assess organizational readiness while implementing Industry 4.0. Recently occurring cases have warned industries of the possible dangers and threats that they might face if proper security is not viewed in equal measure along with production efficiency and productivity. The integration of different applicative fields can reveal new security and energy efficiency challenges previously not known, as real-world deployment cases progress and are studied. The challenges, opportunities, and requirements of Industry 4.0 have to be examined specifically for the digital transformation of small and medium enterprises into smart factories.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Manufacturing in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds