Manufacturing problem: Skills Gap

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Literature Review: Skills Gap problem for Manufacturing

This “Ten Problems for Manufacturing in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. sustainability, 
  2. industry 4.0,
  3. smart,
  4. responsibility,
  5. additive,
  6. digitalization,
  7. supply chain,
  8. optimization,
  9. skills gap,
  10. distributed.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

9 Skills Gap

THE PROBLEM — There is a need to identify and develop the disciplines and the required missing abilities in order to build suitable skills into the workforce of industry 4.0. There is also a need for the development of advanced, novel, and innovative teaching and training methods in order to keep up with the pace of advances in manufacturing systems. The quality of work is also essential, with the gig economy uprise and the sustained need of employment with good wages and labour standards: one of the most important global issues we face today is rising inequality in both developed and developing countries.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — New curricula in the old field of studies such as industrial and mechanical engineering should incorporate industry 4.0 infrastructure. The most important need refers to the necessity to accelerate the generation of curricula for qualifications and competencies specific for Factories of the Future. Contemporary training methods and advanced education practices are crucial to uphold the interest of the new generation as well as to equip them with state-of the art systems. A generic framework for Industry 4.0 education consists of curriculum, laboratory, and student club components to adapt engineering education to the Industry 4.0 vision. Gamification and games have shown great results in education and training, with most research suggesting a stronger focus on personalization and adaptation. Significant knowledge and skills to manufacturing leaders are conducive to the success of recruiting skilled workers to meet their needs. There is a need for more research to investigate what information and knowledge sources are being used, how these sources are stored and when they are utilized in the innovation process in small and medium enterprises. The United States needs an integrated, data-driven 21st-century workforce development and employment system. Much of the discussion around the Fourth Industrial Revolution has been on if and how it might displace existing jobs; however, the quality of work is also essential. Kaizen is essential knowledge, a missing piece, for both developed and developing countries to achieve equitable growth.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

NEW (8 Dec 2021): We are adding a link to the Manufacturing Skills Guide from Propel, who made a tool that allows manufacturing companies to track its product across its entire lifecycle. Check it out at:

“Ten Problems for Manufacturing in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds