Manufacturing problem: Sustainability

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Literature Review: Sustainability problem for Manufacturing

This “Ten Problems for Manufacturing in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. sustainability, 
  2. industry 4.0,
  3. smart,
  4. responsibility,
  5. additive,
  6. digitalization,
  7. supply chain,
  8. optimization,
  9. skills gap,
  10. distributed.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

1 Sustainability

THE PROBLEM — Businesses have practiced and examined lean and green manufacturing principles for the last 25 years, but the sustainability challenges that we face today are still significantly potent. Novel hints on the sustainability assessment of manufacturing will help recognize the true gaps needed to be filled, also to improve working conditions. There is still a lack of agreed methods, benchmarks and success stories of commercially viable conversion, though.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon

CONCLUSIONS — Most empirical work focuses on the relationship of lean and green practices with organizational and environmental performance, but the role and criticality of sustainability are significantly underrepresented in sustainable manufacturing literature. System dynamics can succeed in the analysis of design and manufacturing for sustainability issues. Adopting the sustainability paradigm at the present seems to be the only viable strategy to respond appropriately to the changed market conditions and customer’s demand. Personnel policy and creation of conditions that ensure an effective response to external threats caused by changes in socio-economic situation significantly affect the sustainable company development. The lean-green manufacturing approach combines lean practices focused on customers’ demand, and green practices focused on reducing the business’ environmental impact. Expected demand from market, financial or other promotional offers with supporting aspects, plus competition and benchmarking are the most relevant drivers for any industry considering sustainable manufacturing. It is still not clear whether smart manufacturing and sustainability will constructively interact. The manufacturing parameters that can be tested with virtual manufacturing help to minimize the iterative process when fixing the indicators’ objective values. Scrap rate optimization approaches demonstrate a high degree of manufacturing flexibility dependence, and its sustainable viability.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon

“Ten Problems for Manufacturing in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds