Nuclear problem: Climate Change

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Literature Review: Climate Change problem for Nuclear

This “Ten Problems for Nuclear in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. cost, 
  2. climate change,
  3. fission,
  4. fusion,
  5. waste,
  6. security,
  7. proliferation,
  8. accidents,
  9. applications,
  10. outer space.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

2 Climate Change

THE PROBLEM — More and more countries are using nuclear technology to combat climate change, the biggest environmental challenge of our time. There is also an increased interest in exploring the synergies of nuclear and renewable energy sources but wind and solar power and battery storage are not yet undergoing the kind of disruption experienced in computing and communications. In addition, climate change policies worldwide are shaped in part by other objectives, including promoting economic growth, cutting local air pollution and developing strategic industries.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — The contribution of nuclear energy to climate change mitigation over the next decades will be determined by several factors. The light water reactor fleet provides the nuclear generation backbone for meeting capacity needs and emission goals. Nuclear power also presents a low carbon option for supporting the increased penetration of variable renewables on the electricity grid. The contribution of nuclear power to mitigate climate change is, and will be, very limited because of technical obstacles and limited resources. Also, proponents of nuclear power often admit that it meets strong resistance in many countries and among most environmental organizations, making this option less feasible. Sharply reducing the roles of nuclear power and carbon capture would require even faster growth in solar photovoltaics and wind, though. Moreover, extreme weather events and gradual changes in climate variables can affect the reliability, cost, and environmental impacts of the energy supply. Jobs could be lost on an industrial scale if the right political decisions on decarbonization are not made. The Chinese government has adopted short- and medium-term goals for limiting emissions of heat-trapping gases and a wide-ranging set of policies, but their implementation is inherently difficult. Nuclear energy usage is not only a necessary welfare maximizing condition but also a crucial determinant of economic growth in the long-run.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Nuclear in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

booklet updated on 20 Jul 2021, now on sale as version 1.1

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds