Nuclear problem: Outer Space

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Literature Review: Outer Space problem for Nuclear

This “Ten Problems for Nuclear in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. cost, 
  2. climate change,
  3. fission,
  4. fusion,
  5. waste,
  6. security,
  7. proliferation,
  8. accidents,
  9. applications,
  10. outer space.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

10 Outer Space

THE PROBLEM — Recent years have seen growing private sector interest in leading the development, launch, and use of nuclear technologies for space applications. New technology will spur a more intensive use of space, while lowered cost will expand access to more nations. This will make space available for military as well as civilian competition for alternative applications.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — The Fission Electric Propulsion / Fission Power System is better than the Radioisotope Electric Propulsion / Radioisotope Power System. Minimizing the round-trip time for a human Mars mission utilizing nuclear thermal propulsion, including the surface stay, can reduce the overall risk of radiation exposure complications to the astronauts. Even though it is indeed still unclear the actual architecture of a Mars colony, it is already possible to state the general configuration and growing stages that must suffice in order to become a permanent settlement. The current state of Russian space program continues to maintain its former capabilities but can’t develop it further since there’s no sufficient motivation to allocate the required funds. The Fully Ceramic Microencapsulated concept is promising for space nuclear applications. Devices based on two-dimensional nanomaterials show negligible change in performance after the irradiation, suggesting robust suitability for space use. Many High-Enriched Uranium, fast reactors design for space applications were proposed during and after the historical NERVA and ROVER projects. A 2033 departure date for a Mars orbital mission is infeasible under all budget scenarios and technology development and testing schedules, given NASA’s current and notional plans. Outer space will become even more important as an arena for defense against weapons of mass destruction proliferation. Space is becoming more contested, and the risk exists that a conflict in space could arise or escalate inadvertently, perhaps out of miscalculation.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Nuclear in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

booklet updated on 20 Jul 2021, now on sale as version 1.1

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds