Robotics problem: Accountability

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Literature Review: Accountability problem for Robotics

This “Ten Problems for Robotics in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. self learning, 
  2. manipulation,
  3. research,
  4. motion,
  5. detection,
  6. action planning,
  7. simulation,
  8. soft,
  9. education,
  10. accountability.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

10 Accountability

THE PROBLEM — The ethics of artificial intelligence and robotics is often focused on concerns of various sorts, which is a typical response to new technologies. Individuals need to be supported and empowered by strong institutional frameworks and principled leadership. Human – artificial general intelligence relations are also going to be a subject to number of policies and regulations. Deployment in real world settings can be easier in authoritarian states or controlled districts than in ordinary democratic contexts.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Artificial intelligence and robotics have raised fundamental questions about what we should do with these systems, what the systems themselves should do, and what risks they have in the long term. The problem is that a lot of negative examples are needed to get it learned, it’d be nice to learn it without the bad outcome that you’re punishing. Ethical governance is essential to building public trust in robotics and artificial intelligence. In the legal writings on the subject of artificial intelligence, the idea of coexistence of Humans and artificial intelligences / artificial general intelligences is still presented by very few authors. According to the European Union, an obligatory insurance scheme, which could be based on the obligation of the producer to take out insurance for the autonomous robots it produces, should be established. Russian scholars suggest that It is necessary to develop special articles on crimes committed using special technical means like robots. A key challenge for governments and robotic interests in existing cities is how to open up space for experimentation with potentially useful technology that raises issues of human health and safety. Response to robotic care for the elderly has both positive and negative aspects, and concerns around privacy and cost are prevalent. It is difficult to ensure and verify the predictability and reliability of an autonomous robotic system. The use of increasingly smart computer vision in surveillance cameras raises the same issues that artificial intelligence and algorithms raise in many other context.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Robotics in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds