Robotics problem: Research

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Literature Review: Research problem for Robotics

This “Ten Problems for Robotics in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. self learning, 
  2. manipulation,
  3. research,
  4. motion,
  5. detection,
  6. action planning,
  7. simulation,
  8. soft,
  9. education,
  10. accountability.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

3 Research

THE PROBLEM — The future and potential impacts of robotics and automation are frequent subjects of debate among practitioners. Robots are rapidly moving from isolated to connected systems, with more and more operations offloaded to external systems. ROS-based systems are getting larger and more complex and could benefit from good software architecture practices. Some uses appear controversial, though, while the breadth and depth of expertise required to build innovative systems are very relevant.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Many successful ideas in Robotics Research, such as learning-based methods, have emerged from cross­pollination between fields. Cloud is an important addition, but robots still require important computations to be performed closer to or onto them. The top three quality requirements for ROS open source repositories are maintainability, performance, and reliability. Human–robot interactions in the domain of security is plausible, yet we know very little about what drives acceptance of autonomous security robots. Large-scale real-world deployments of robotic systems remain relatively scarce outside of heavy industry and (recently) warehouse logistics. Augmented reality applications for robotic systems concern medical robotics, robot control and planning, human–robot interaction and robot swarms. Effective human control of robot swarms has been shown to be demonstrably more difficult than controlling a single robot, and swarm-specifc interactions methodologies are relatively underexplored. Neuro-Robotics Systems are an emerging multidisciplinary study of endowing robots with human-like sensing, sensorimotor learning, cognition and control abilities, allowing them to act like humans. Humans may be decreasingly critical in terms of the terms of physicality of work and even more critical in terms of the intellectual needs of the workplace. Faced with ageing populations, escalating care needs, and growing shortages of care workers, Japanese and European Union governments have pursued large, publicly funded research projects to develop and commercialize care robots.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Robotics in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds