Environment problem: Assessment

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Literature Review: Assessment problem for Environment

This “Ten Problems for Environment in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. policies, 
  2. assessment,
  3. energy efficiency,
  4. economics,
  5. natural resources,
  6. public involvement,
  7. ecosystems,
  8. human factors,
  9. urban and rural,
  10. pollution.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

2 Assessment

THE PROBLEM — Interest in evaluating the impact of human activities on the environment has increased within the last decade. Strategic environmental assessment is a decision support technique that evaluates policies, plans and programs. Associated impacts such as heat waves, droughts, wildfires, and storms affect local communities, so local assessments are also needed. Methods and techniques are still the cause of frequent confusion among institutions and professionals, though.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Assessment models are used to support the decision-making process during different life cycle stages of any pollution prevention and/or control system. Sustainable development goals are strongly interconnected, while gender equality is linked mostly to partnerships for the goals. A disconnect exists between the information in global and national climate assessments and what states and communities need to inform local decision-making. Trait combinations could provide an alternative method for water quality assessment programmes, where diatoms are being used as part of a multi-indicator analysis. Life-cycle assessment is a valuable tool to assess recycling options of municipal biowaste. Environmental footprints vary widely among farms, with this variation influenced primarily by soil characteristics and climate and secondarily by farm management. Today, most countries in the world have a mandatory environmental assessment procedure applicable to projects. A common theme among experts is how to assess increasingly complex environmental problems. Environmental impact assessments baselines act as a memory practice which meet the needs of the present by projecting a timeless, static past to be preserved. At the international level, current research indicates a certain ambiguity in the use of methods and techniques in every step of Strategic Environmental Assessment processes.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Environment in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds