Environment problem: Economics

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Literature Review: Economics problem for Environment

This “Ten Problems for Environment in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. policies, 
  2. assessment,
  3. energy efficiency,
  4. economics,
  5. natural resources,
  6. public involvement,
  7. ecosystems,
  8. human factors,
  9. urban and rural,
  10. pollution.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

4 Economics

THE PROBLEM — Economics should play a central role in meeting the sustainable development challenge. Environmental and natural resource economics has always had, and continues to have, a strong focus on policy. Modern businesses are pressured to adopt environmentally sustainable policies to operate at global level.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — A central focus of economics is how to allocate scarce resources to meet desired goals. Empirical research suggests a declining role for theory in the environmental and natural resource economics. The complexity and the fine structures encountered in Environmental Economics increasingly involve distributed systems. Are patents citing contributions in environmental economics related to the economy in general, or do they contribute to a green economy? The volume of international trade is bolstered by the concentration of property rights in the exporting sector, but social welfare diminishes due to the drop in the values of exported commodities. Many studies argue that the inclusion of environmental practices raise a firm’s cost and thus put pressure on the firm’s economic performance. In its relatively brief history, environmental economics has become a foundation of federal regulatory and policy action in the United States. In India, few policy decisions related to noise concerns actually use as an economic tool as cost-benefit analysis. Earth-return commercial missions will involve a post re-entry phase on Earth with backward contamination risk. Emissions and gross domestic product have both fallen sharply in the pandemic, suggesting that they are not decoupled yet.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Environment in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds