Environment problem: Ecosystems

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Literature Review: Ecosystems problem for Environment

This “Ten Problems for Environment in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. policies, 
  2. assessment,
  3. energy efficiency,
  4. economics,
  5. natural resources,
  6. public involvement,
  7. ecosystems,
  8. human factors,
  9. urban and rural,
  10. pollution.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

7 Ecosystems

THE PROBLEM — Conditions capable of supporting multicellular life are predicted to continue for another billion years. In the current time, ecological crises are the dominant drive for economic shifts. Anthropocene frames environmental conservation into an integrative concept, in which humans are viewed as part of nature. Preservation of freshwater sources is nowadays the most pressing environmental concern.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Life on Earth will last for a very long time, with conditions supporting complex multicellular life and eukaryotes predicted to continue for 0.8 – 1.2 billion years. Economies are emergent from and dependent upon the structure and functioning of both society and ecology. In the growth of innovation ecosystems, the leading role implements personnel professional development and availability in the country of specialists, capable for effective innovative work. Biodiversity hotspots allowed the recognition of areas with the potential to host several key species and, therefore, those are key regions to be protected. The integrative governance of animal health and sustainability operates in order to avoid trade-offs and enable synergies. One particular concern is about human diets and their resource implications. Pollution is created in water by industrial as well as commercial waste, agricultural practices, anthropogenic activities and most notably, modes of transportation. A practical option in the face of declining open space is to examine the potential of urban rooftops for conserving and propagating threatened or endangered flora. Qinghai-Tibet Plateau grasslands are continually being degraded as a result of complex biotic and abiotic drivers and processes. For the positive solution of the Atrato River case in Colombia, the role of local communities was decisive in their collaboration with many different stakeholders such as non-governmental organizations, universities and governmental authorities.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Environment in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds