Environment problem: Energy Efficiency

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Literature Review: Energy Efficiency problem for Environment

This “Ten Problems for Environment in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. policies, 
  2. assessment,
  3. energy efficiency,
  4. economics,
  5. natural resources,
  6. public involvement,
  7. ecosystems,
  8. human factors,
  9. urban and rural,
  10. pollution.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

3 Energy Efficiency

THE PROBLEM — Energy efficiency evaluation is an important part of energy conservation and emission reduction, but the evaluation system of energy saving measures and its effect is not perfect. Energy system design and waste treatment facilities are complex, with the variance in economic parameters inducing uncertainty into the outcome at local level.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — An extended energy efficiency assessment indicator would make the trajectory of energy flow more obvious, which is beneficial to understanding energy utilization and energy consumption. European continental countries perform better than other OECD countries with respect to technology gap ratios for most industries, except for the iron, steel and non-ferrous metals industries. The development of energy-efficient construction in Russia is progressing at a slow pace. A combination of profit, CO2 and primary energy factor is recognized as a feasible set of energy system design objectives. One of the main difficulties for the adoption of electric vehicles by consumers is the scarcity of a suitable charging infrastructure. Urban water systems and, in particular, wastewater treatment facilities are among the major energy consumers at municipal level worldwide. Technical change and scale efficiency change were about equally important in contributing to productivity improvements under the national T1000P energy efficiency program in China. Access to upfront capital remains a primary barrier in residential energy efficiency adoption in the United States. Energy efficiency and a better pooling of the resources could lead to higher resiliency to the social and climate crisis.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Environment in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds