Environment problem: Policies

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Literature Review: Policies problem for Environment

This “Ten Problems for Environment in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. policies, 
  2. assessment,
  3. energy efficiency,
  4. economics,
  5. natural resources,
  6. public involvement,
  7. ecosystems,
  8. human factors,
  9. urban and rural,
  10. pollution.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

1 Policies

THE PROBLEM — Encouraging innovation is an important part of environmental policy. One way to understand the impact of human activity is to quantify the total environmental pressures by measuring the ‘footprint’. Policymakers should develop environmental policies to motivate behavioral change, while communication should keep messages simple while providing actionable patterns.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon

CONCLUSIONS — A large literature in environmental economics examines the links between environmental policy and innovation. Individualizing morals might intensify environmentalism for those who already lean towards a pro- environmental stand but also for those who lean away from a pro-environmental stand. Footprints account for the total direct and / or indirect effects of a product or a consumption activity. One way of linking research and environmental policies is to increase public participation and identify ecosystem services valued by society. Environmental communication would be more effective if public communicators took account of the often counterintuitive social and psychological processes that influence sustainable behaviors. Green nudges are a new addition to the policy maker’s toolkit. The more accountable the government is to the electorate, then the higher the level of environmental accountability the nation has. Implementing environmental policies involves significant economic and financial efforts, in order to repair environmental damage and to prevent future negative environmental consequences. The importance of developing a renewable energy system would ensure that electric vehicle integration will have an effective reduction of CO2 emissions. More intense portfolios of renewable energy support policies increase patenting in solar- and wind-power-related technologies.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon

“Ten Problems for Environment in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds