Environment problem: Urban and Rural

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Literature Review: Urban and Rural problem for Environment

This “Ten Problems for Environment in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. policies, 
  2. assessment,
  3. energy efficiency,
  4. economics,
  5. natural resources,
  6. public involvement,
  7. ecosystems,
  8. human factors,
  9. urban and rural,
  10. pollution.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

9 Urban and Rural

THE PROBLEM — Rapid urbanization puts cities in central position to solve urgent global issues such as climate change while maintaining the service level for the extended population with limited resources. In parallel, rural renewal has been regarded as a vital strategy for facilitating rural sustainability, especially where the living conditions are poor and in developing countries.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Smart sustainable cities is a concept that seems to have established itself and related scientific literature is quickly increasing. There is scant evidence concerning their ability to enhance social well-being, build just and equitable communities, reduce resource consumption and waste generation, improve environmental quality or lower carbon emissions. There are starting some reflections on Positive Energy District emerging as a future element of the Smart Cities paradigm. Berlin and other Nordic capital cities lead the ranking, while Sofia and Bucharest obtained the lowest rank scores, and are thus not yet on the path of being smart and sustainable. Rural areas close to urban centres in Canada outperform urban areas for economic growth, attracting businesses and people by offering lower costs and better quality of life. Tourism represents a viable alternative for economic activities in rural areas, and improves the living standards of the communities. Rural renewal in contemporary China involves activities that replan, consolidate, and redevelop the extant and idle rural construction land. The living conditions of the people in rural Odisha, India are pitiful, making them to remain in the vicious circle of poverty and hunger. The well-known Sustainable Rural Livelihood framework is a comprehensive and open conceptual design to address the evolution of family farming. Green ventilation corridors provide air cleaning and urban cooling benefits, which can help ensure healthy and comfortable urban–rural environments.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Environment in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds