Materials problem: Nanomaterials

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Literature Review: Nanomaterials problem for Materials

This “Ten Problems for Materials in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. research, 
  2. composites,
  3. metals,
  4. plastics,
  5. glass-ceramics,
  6. biomaterials,
  7. additive,
  8. nanomaterials,
  9. self-healing,
  10. informatics.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

8 Nanomaterials

THE PROBLEM — The combination of nanotechnology with molecular biology, information technology and instrumentation, is opening the door to a new industrial age. Every element of the periodic table can be utilized in nanotechnology depending on the target material. The widespread application of these technologies has raised concerns regarding their environmental, health, societal, and economic impacts.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — In spite of the extended use of nanoparticles in diverse consumer products, there is a great concern over the unexpected impact or effects on humans due to exposure. Significant advances have been made during the last decade in the field of risk governance of nanotechnologies. Nanosafety is one of the most important aspects in the development of novel nanotechnologies. Nanosafety is important not only for safeguarding people but for the public awareness and acceptance of nanotechnology worldwide. There are two major approaches to get nanomaterials: the bottom-up and the top-down approach. Studies have proven that engineered nanomaterials can cross or bypass the blood–brain barrier and then access the central nervous system and cause neurotoxicity. Property enhancements and emergence of new functional characteristics of biopolymeric composites with the incorporation of nanomaterials, followed by 3D printing are of particular interest for tissue engineering. Nanocelluloses improve mechanical properties, alter the rheology of the cement paste, and affect the physical properties of cements / cementitious composites. A number of newly developed applications for nanotechnology in the food and agriculture industry have sparked a reformation in food processing, packaging, and nutrient delivery. The promising physicochemical properties of functionalized nanoparticles have showed enormous range of potentials applications in the area of environmental remediation. Current nanomaterials manufacturing methods suffer from many problems leading to high costs, an extremely adverse environmental impact and unsustainable production.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Materials in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds