Healthcare problem: Economics

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Literature Review: Economics problem for Healthcare

This “Ten Problems for Healthcare in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students’ theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. delivery,
  2. access,
  3. economics,
  4. digital,
  5. artificial intelligence,
  6. pharma,
  7. regulation,
  8. special needs,
  9. wellbeing,
  10. workforce.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

3 Economics

THE PROBLEM — Patients often receive fragmented, sub-optimal care. Information asymmetry and health insurance cause healthcare markets to not function like other consumer markets. The cost of delivering healthcare, and the construction of healthcare facilities, are increasingly important issues worldwide.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — A healthcare provider network makes its members have a shared stake in how patients do after being transferred to other members. Value-based contracts must incentivize the clinical decision maker, usually the physician, to allocate treatment based on both price and value. The Lean Hospital concept may also support hospitals in all the dimensions of sustainable development. The overall cost impact and total life cycle cost of a capital investment in healthcare infrastructure is rarely understood. Demographic developments, especially in Western countries, show evidence that in the long run, hospitals won’t be able to accommodate and attend to all patients. Point-of-care tests may reduce unnecessary antibiotics, resulting in substantial cost savings. Healthcare-acquired infections are estimated to affect 15% of all hospitalized patients in low- and middle-income countries. Defensive medicine is the presumed practice of administering excessive tests and treatments as a stratagem for reducing healthcare providers’ risk of malpractice liability. The introduction of reprocessed healthcare devices leads to a big increase in new device applications by original manufacturers. Economic collapses at national level impact healthcare workforce, have disproportionate effects on marginalized populations, and lead to the resurgence of certain infectious diseases.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Healthcare in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds