Philosophy problem: Logic

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Literature Review: Logic problem for Philosophy

This “Ten Problems for Philosophy in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students’ theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. religion,
  2. knowledge,
  3. logic,
  4. nature,
  5. mind,
  6. moral,
  7. experience,
  8. identity,
  9. political,
  10. science.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

3 Logic

THE PROBLEM — Logical pluralism is the view that there are distinct, but equally good logics. The use of logics, many logics with rival commitments, is a valuable tool for measuring coherence, important entailments, and inferential connections. The view called neo-logicism has also received quite a lot of attention recently.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Contrary to monism, logical pluralism is the view that there is more than one equally good logic. Philosophical principles have not absolutely indefinite (unlimited) but quite definite (limited) sphere of relevant applicability. Experimental philosophical logic seeks to employ not only the available tools and methods of traditional philosophy, but also the tools and data from the experimental cognitive sciences. Analytic theologians have typically accepted exceptionalism about logic, and have frequently afforded a large role to logic in theology on that basis. Logical pluralism is a controversial view only if it can make sense of the potential rivalry between the logics it is pluralistic about. Paradoxes are statements that run contrary to common sense yet seem to be supported by reasons and in some cases may turn out to be true. Although literature and logic share a number of surprising symmetries and historical contacts, they have typically been seen to occupy separate disciplinary spheres. Computational philosophy is the use of mechanized computational techniques to instantiate, extend, and amplify philosophical research. Neo-logicists submit that, even if perhaps not strictly speaking a logical truth, Hume’s Principle constitutes a definition of ‘cardinal number’, and has therefore the same epistemological status as logical truths. In modern logic, logical systems without negation have been studied, the most well-known being positive propositional logic.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Philosophy in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds