Philosophy problem: Political

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Literature Review: Political problem for Philosophy

This “Ten Problems for Philosophy in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students’ theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. religion,
  2. knowledge,
  3. logic,
  4. nature,
  5. mind,
  6. moral,
  7. experience,
  8. identity,
  9. political,
  10. science.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

9 Political

THE PROBLEM — Found frequently throughout the history of political philosophy is the tendency to develop a moral point of view in isolation from political considerations. Most governments and political systems profess to be democratic although whether they are often remains a hotly debated issue. What does realism have to offer politics and political philosophy more generally?

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — A methodological tendency in political philosophy sees philosophers develop their ethical views independently of the political realm. One of the obvious features of the direct confrontation between faith-based outlooks and more secular positions within contemporary liberal democracies is the gulf of incommensurability that often divides the two. Many philosophers have proposed that the tradition of philosophical ​pragmatism offers a unique perspective on democracy and the role of citizens. One of the major questions emerging in present-day reflections on politics is related to violence and its relation to institutional order and law. The realist revival in political philosophy is profoundly shaped by its opposition to a certain contemporary approach to the subject taken by luminaries such as Rawls, Dworkin, Nozick, and Cohen. Responsible political action, which is responsible precisely as, and only if, it accounts for contingency and negation, must act only in such a way that its consequences are reversible. It is necessary for national cultures to be able to respond to the changes and updates that are happening with globalization, taking care of self-enrichment to prevent its negative impact. The notions of strong identity and recognition could open the door for solutions to some puzzles left unsolved by the theories that promote political recognition. Despite the fact that over the last three decades feminist philosophy has challenged and transformed many sub-fields of the discipline, its impact within the discipline is often patchy. Hegel’s philosophy offers strategies for thinking askew the liberal ‘problem-space’ and reconsidering identities formed in opposition to the Islamic fanatic.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Philosophy in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds