Philosophy problem: Religion

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Literature Review: Religion problem for Philosophy

This “Ten Problems for Philosophy in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students’ theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. religion,
  2. knowledge,
  3. logic,
  4. nature,
  5. mind,
  6. moral,
  7. experience,
  8. identity,
  9. political,
  10. science.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

1 Religion

THE PROBLEM — The theoretical and conceptual landscape of phenomenology of religion has grown more complicated, especially as the literature on the topic accumulates annually. Agnosticism seems more suited than naturalism in the context of evolutionary studies of religion. The traditional common consent argument for the existence of God has largely been abandoned.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon

CONCLUSIONS — In France and in North America certain phenomenological techniques of analysis have been developed to account for theological phenomena, and divine revelation in particular. The journey metaphor is able to offer a new orientation and point of origin for philosophy of religion that is inclusive of a global diversity of religious traditions. Methodological agnosticism makes it possible to avoid the more problematic premises of methodological naturalism in the context of evolutionary studies on religion. Direct, non‐sensory, focal experiences give rise to the strongest claims to be genuinely aware of God. A non-reproductive continental philosophy of religion can and should engage with a tradition like Islam, a tradition like queer theory, and with those who work between and across such traditions. There is a variety of different approaches among analytic philosophers of religion to the problems of apophaticism. The only way in which a matrix of religious meaningfulness can survive as liturgy and tradition through history is to mark the frontiers that isolate it from idolatry. When we search for examples of independent religious agreement, animism is particularly well represented among isolated religious communities through time and space. Different religions place suffering in different views of the world and our place in it. Shifts happening during quarantine period might influence religious belief and practice in the future.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon

“Ten Problems for Philosophy in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds