Philosophy problem: Science

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Literature Review: Science problem for Philosophy

This “Ten Problems for Philosophy in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students’ theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. religion,
  2. knowledge,
  3. logic,
  4. nature,
  5. mind,
  6. moral,
  7. experience,
  8. identity,
  9. political,
  10. science.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

10 Science

THE PROBLEM — How can scientific models be interpreted as representations if models also include conceptually meaningful linguistic content? The debate about scientific realism is concerned with the relation between our scientific theories and the world. Methodological issues would diminish if we turned our focus to the explicit aim of developing theories that are hard-to-vary.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — The idea of models as representations in terms of similarity or isomorphism between a model and its target is too limited as a basis for epistemology of scientific models in scientific research practices. Experimental philosophy has made great strides in several areas, including epistemology and ethics, but one area that has received less attention is philosophy of science. In order to determine on which component of a theory we should hinge a realist commitment, we should analyze the cognitive processes underlying scientific theorizing. Based on contemporary philosophy of science, good theories are hard-to-vary. The study of contemporary philosophy of science based on cognitive neuroscience has strongly promoted the philosophy study of brain cognitive problems. Structural realism can take on two forms, as the epistemic or ontic versions. Philosophers are needed to devise good models (“ontologies”) of algorithms and other computational entities. Many philosophical accounts of scientific models fail to distinguish between a simulation model and other forms of models. Heller aimed to create a philosophy grounded in science but harmonized with the Christian faith. Epistemological constructions in learning go in parallel with the epistemological constructions made by scientists in their study of nature.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Philosophy in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds