Safety problem: Infrastructures

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Literature Review: Infrastructures problem for Safety

This “Ten Problems for Safety in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students’ theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. machines,
  2. internet,
  3. pandemics,
  4. resources,
  5. financial,
  6. borders,
  7. terrorism,
  8. infrastructures,
  9. disasters,
  10. food.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

8 Infrastructures

THE PROBLEM — Reducing the vulnerabilities of critical infrastructure and increasing their resilience is one of the major objectives of all developed countries. The need for a continuous evaluation of the state of preservation of civil infrastructures during their lifetime is increasingly requiring advanced monitoring technologies.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Over the last twenty years technologically developed countries give increased attention to the question of the critical infrastructure protection. A strong relationship exists between national security and the efficiency of critical infrastructure. People value individual well-being more than infrastructure well-being. Monitoring actions are necessary to maintain safety conditions by controlling the evolution of deformation patterns or detecting significant instabilities. The safety of underground traffic infrastructure can be considered from several viewpoints as a fairly mature field. Failure of high-hazard dams, especially those with flooding control purposes, would bring catastrophic ecological and societal loss. The presence of several intersections on urban arterial roads is reported in the Road Safety Review as one of the main hazardous points. Taking into account that bridges have a considerably long service life, it is of direct relevance to ascertain their reliable performance against climate change risks. Due to their natural location, ports are continuously threatened by natural hazards. Aerosol fire extinguishers belong to relatively newly developed methods of fire protection connected with buildings and technical infrastructure.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Safety in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds