Safety problem: Terrorism

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Literature Review: Terrorism problem for Safety

This “Ten Problems for Safety in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students’ theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. machines,
  2. internet,
  3. pandemics,
  4. resources,
  5. financial,
  6. borders,
  7. terrorism,
  8. infrastructures,
  9. disasters,
  10. food.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

7 Terrorism

THE PROBLEM — Globalization is becoming an ever more influential concept of the new international security agenda. Terrorism is also becoming increasingly dangerous, dynamic, and difficult to defeat. The ethical dilemmas of secretive and warrantless surveillance will continue to grow as technology advances and new issues arise.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — In the next decade, counterterrorism officials will face emerging strategic challenges that are even more complex. Globalization aggravates a number of old problems of international security and engender new risks and challenges. Manifestations of hybrid threats are in the news and the general public has become aware, maybe not of the full concept, but certainly of some of the more striking incidents. The development of the strategy of terrorist actions based on individual activity, the so-called lone wolves took place in the second part of the 20th century, mainly because of the ultra-right-wing theoreticians. If the public reacts to terrorist violence with more outrage, and if that outrage constrains elites’ policy options, we would expect to see patterns of state retaliation that are more indicative of vengeance then of deterrence. Domestic surveillance is a complex and ever-changing topic within the criminal justice world. Safety aspects comprise an important determinant of urban location choice. The generalization effect that over-assumes the similarities of neighboring countries enhances the causal relationship between terrorist attacks and tourist arrivals. Support of discriminatory security policies in the U.S. is largely explained by the perception that immigrants are dangerous. Northeast Asia is a buffer state of the neighboring powers, and national security crises have been continuously occurring.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Safety in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds