Social Sciences

Social Sciences problem: Critical Thinking

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Literature Review: Critical Thinking problem for Social Sciences

This “Ten Problems for Social Sciences in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students’ theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. interculturalism,
  2. introspection,
  3. truth,
  4. authenticity,
  5. human enhancement,
  6. critical thinking,
  7. technocracy,
  8. privilege,
  9. ethics,
  10. higher education.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

6 Critical Thinking

THE PROBLEM — Critical thinking is high on the agenda these days: politicians talk about it, industry demands it, and institutions of higher education try to teach it. There is growing opinion that only STEM+H degrees provide students with the necessary training to do tasks needed for skilled jobs but democracy citizens need to be equipped by the whole education system.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — There is a plurality of positions regarding the meaning of critical thinking and its markers, standardized or not. Empowerment of critical thinking skill is one of numerous goals the 21st century education intends to acquire. Little research has been done to explore the possibility of rendering Confucian conception of critical thinking. Historically, higher education has provided students with the skills to successfully engage in philosophical debates, defend democratic values, and gain a spirit of public mindedness. In chaos theory, humanities and politics meet science, and the blending process can result to pragmatic solutions to complex challenges. Political power today, when functioning through social media, is dependent on the imitative activities of large swathes of the population which are ‘steered’ through activating affective engagement. Currently, the impact of western line of thoughts that monopolizes the secular education system can be deleterious to the Muslims’ belief if not beware of this secular thought. Without critical thinking, Expressive Arts Therapists disconnect interpersonal experiences from political and economic forces. Poland, Germany, Latvia and the Czech Republic are perceived as good practices in the development and assessment of social competences. There is a statistically significant pedagogical impact of using social media on students’ development of the procedural techniques they follow in solving problems related to course assignments and projects.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

Social Sciences
“Ten Problems for Social Sciences in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds