Sports problem: American Football / Rugby

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Literature Review: American Football / Rugby problem for Sports

This “Ten Problems for Sports in the 2020s” booklet will introduce ten relevant problems, namely: coaches, performance, fundamentals, match fixing, politics, talent development, diversity, education, economics, e-sports; for the ten most popular sports in the 2020s world, as for estimated fans number: soccer, cricket, basketball, hockey, tennis, volleyball, table tennis, baseball, American football / rugby, golf.

Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the sports that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. soccer,
  2. cricket,
  3. basketball,
  4. hockey,
  5. tennis,
  6. volleyball,
  7. table tennis,
  8. baseball,
  9. american football / rugby,
  10. golf.

Each sport has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references for each open question and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

9 American Football / Rugby

THE PROBLEM — American Football / Rugby estimated fans worldwide are 410 million in 2020. Same as other popular sports, ten problems for American football / rugby are: coaches, performance, fundamentals, match fixing, politics, talent development, diversity, education, economics, e-sports. Here follows a short introduction to all of them with recent references for own consultation.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Artificial intelligent American football coaches learn the strategies used by players and then calculate how successfully their own defensive strategies will perform against them. Although performance analysis research in rugby and data collection has progressed, the utility of the insights is not well understood. Shoulder-led tackling has been proposed as a safer approach to tackling even though data on the effectiveness for safety and defensive performance is limited. A wide range of drivers exist behind Image and Performance Enhancing Drugs use amongst players, but common themes of injury, normalization of drug use as well as body image. American football culture is said to reinforce the construction of American identity as an aggressive, commercial, white, Protestant, male society. At the elite level of Rugby Union and Rugby League, athletes are heaviest, with lowest % body fat, they have most fat-free mass and are strongest. Colin Kaepernick’s protest challenged The American man, based largely in ideas of whiteness, patriotism, and subservience, a collective identity deeply rooted in the culture of American football. Intrapersonal advantages and influential effects of sport may last well into the professional lives of former student-athletes. Additional evidence for the David Beckham Hypothesis regarding the effect of super stars on attendance at away games is put forward. The Madden Championship Series sees a newly formatted event for players, upping the yearly prize pool to $1.4M USD–the largest prize pool ever for Madden NFL.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Sports in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds