Sports problem: Hockey

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Literature Review: Hockey problem for Sports

This “Ten Problems for Sports in the 2020s” booklet will introduce ten relevant problems, namely: coaches, performance, fundamentals, match fixing, politics, talent development, diversity, education, economics, e-sports; for the ten most popular sports in the 2020s world, as for estimated fans number: soccer, cricket, basketball, hockey, tennis, volleyball, table tennis, baseball, American football / rugby, golf.

Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the sports that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. soccer,
  2. cricket,
  3. basketball,
  4. hockey,
  5. tennis,
  6. volleyball,
  7. table tennis,
  8. baseball,
  9. american football / rugby,
  10. golf.

Each sport has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references for each open question and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

4 Hockey

THE PROBLEM — Hockey estimated fans worldwide are 2 billion in 2020. Same as other popular sports, ten problems for hockey are: coaches, performance, fundamentals, match fixing, politics, talent development, diversity, education, economics, e-sports. Here follows a short introduction to all of them with recent references for own consultation.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Ice hockey is considered to be one the most challenging sports in the world: in order to achieve elite level, players have to be athletes on and off the ice and live athletic lifestyle. Higher-performing teams tend to focus more on power, maximal strength and endurance training as well as on its individualization. Playing ice-hockey only partially contribute to the emotional intelligence and the resilience of people directly. Two main themes are associated with gambling normalization in team sport environments: desire for and concerns over money, and in the shadow of performance. Hockey played a role in Cold War tensions and exemplified international dynamics and tensions on multiple levels. Regardless of their relative age, female ice hockey athletes report positive youth development outcomes in the personal, physical, and social domains as well as using these skills in many contexts outside of hockey. Racism, deterrence, and prejudgment, often based on geographic and social factors, limit sports involvement. Exposure to concussion education may not be associated with significant differences in beliefs or intended behaviors related to concussion management among youth hockey parents and coaches. The most effective incentives pay policies in the Finnish major hockey league appear to derive from career development. The possibility of using eye-tracking to gain a more detailed insight into individual players minds and stress reactions can take esports teams to the next level.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

“Ten Problems for Sports in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds