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Fashion problem: Pollution

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Literature Review: Pollution problem for Fashion

This “Ten Problems for Fashion in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students’ theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. sustainability,
  2. retail,
  3. quality,
  4. materials,
  5. pollution,
  6. recycling,
  7. human rights,
  8. responsibility,
  9. social media,
  10. funding.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.


5 Pollution

THE PROBLEM — It is estimated that the fashion industry’s pollution levels are second only to those of the oil industry, mainly because of the chemicals and non-biodegradable elements that it uses, such as dyes, surfactants, inorganic salts and other chemical compounds employed in the production process. In today’s environment, though, the fashion industry cannot ignore the negative impact it has on the planet any more.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — A prohibition on unsustainable processes and fibers known to pollute, either through pesticide treatment, or chemical and microplastic runoff, will come close to eliminating environmental concerns entirely. Non-traditional materials are a characteristic feature of demonstrative rather than utilitarian garbage fashion designs. Adidas is collaborating with the non-governmental organization Parley for the oceans, where Parley provides Adidas with plastic waste collected from beaches around the world. Biodesign integrates living beings such as bacteria, for example in fashion pigments. Several factors discourage people from adopting a sustainable attitude, especially if the environmental concern is not their main driver. Fashion products often use descriptions that present them as green, even though the overall product is mostly polluting. Fashion businesses from Sweden engage in circular post-retail activities to various extent, within the 5R Framework. Abolishing the take, make, dispose economic model would mean reducing the problem of unsold goods, which is responsible for a good 73% of garments ending up in landfills. Clothing manufacturing occurs overseas and is more profitable for retailers to dispose of unsold inventory. Blockchain has the potential to address the issues of the fashion supply chain by facilitating transparency and traceability.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …


Fashion Problems
“Ten Problems for Fashion in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2021; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds