Fashion problem: Recycling

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Literature Review: Recycling problem for Fashion

This “Ten Problems for Fashion in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students’ theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. sustainability,
  2. retail,
  3. quality,
  4. materials,
  5. pollution,
  6. recycling,
  7. human rights,
  8. responsibility,
  9. social media,
  10. funding.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

6 Recycling

THE PROBLEM — Textiles in landfill biodegrade to form methane gas which is released into the air, is one of the factors that recycling is addressing. Zero waste means waste reduction, reusing products, and recycling resources. Some fashion companies have started to use recycled fibers to improve their sustainability practices, as it is a way to implement circularity into their business.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — End-of-life textiles should be recycled in such a way that new fiber material with similar properties to the virgin material can be produced. Young people are more likely to purchase recycled clothing products than older people, with the gender difference not being apparent. Fashion companies are motivated to use recycled fibers because of their sense of responsibility and wish to continue doing their business. Classification of textile fibres, no standard definition of technologies and lack of communication strategies still hamper textile recycling. Large-scale end-of-life based upcycling is not yet viable. Given the increasing popularity of buying second-hand in young adults, it is of importance to understand the factors influencing them. Fashion companies should focus on increasing the emotional value of circular fashion for consumers and relieving their anxiety about the sanitary risk. Fiber-to-fiber recycling is in reality a downcycling process, in which the mechanical properties of the textile fibers are impoverished with each cycle. In 2020, H&M was the highest Fashion Transparency Index scoring brand with a score of 73%. Belgium is considered as a frontrunner in the transition toward a circular economy and recycling waste.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

Fashion Problems
“Ten Problems for Fashion in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2021; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds