Silicon Valley

Silicon Valley problem: Misuse

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Literature Review: Misuse problem for Silicon Valley

This “Ten Problems for Silicon Valley in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students’ theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. solutionism,
  2. monopolies,
  3. diversity,
  4. outsiders,
  5. gig economy,
  6. misuse,
  7. narrowness,
  8. obsolescence,
  9. manipulation,
  10. public mood.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

6 Misuse

THE PROBLEM — The global, transnational nature of the tech giants, combined with their secrecy and lack of openness when it comes to their internal procedures, creates entirely new conditions for freedom of speech. Instrumentalism has travelled across the academic boundary to the high-tech culture of Silicon Valley.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — The somewhat clandestine policies of tech giants have begun to define what can be uttered and what information is available to ordinary citizens. Neither predication architectures nor machine learning programs are neutral, they often uncritically inherit, accept and incorporate dominant cultural and belief systems, which are then normalized. Ethics needs to be a fundamental part of the thinking of technologists. A triple helix model is impossible as a tool for promoting interdependencies among science, industry and government. Trade secret protection for negative knowledge stifles innovation by limiting employee mobility, undercutting the general skills and knowledge rule. As a result of various technological innovations, a range of dysfunctional impacts are threatening social and political stability. The twin forces of capitalism and a lack of regulation of the world’s largest social media platforms have led to a situation in which social media are a key component of information war around the globe. Virtual othering processes, whether representative of our selves or some Other, are part of a larger world-making exercise. The launch of Libra, a corporate-controlled supranational currency is a bold attempt by a big-tech behemoth to leverage its monopoly over digital data and platform networks. Machine learning applications have been seen as desirable interventions in mitigating the risks of the COVID-19 pandemic disease.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

Silicon Valley Problems
“Ten Problems for Silicon Valley in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page

By TenProblems

Literature Reviews for Inquisitive Minds