Silicon Valley

Silicon Valley problem: Obsolescence

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Literature Review: Obsolescence problem for Silicon Valley

This “Ten Problems for Silicon Valley in the 2020s” booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and students’ theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the ten problems that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. solutionism,
  2. monopolies,
  3. diversity,
  4. outsiders,
  5. gig economy,
  6. misuse,
  7. narrowness,
  8. obsolescence,
  9. manipulation,
  10. public mood.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introductory section, a short presentation of the ten selected references and a conclusions section.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter again in order to provide a complete executive summary.

8 Obsolescence

THE PROBLEM — Innovation society is not confined to things bought in the market; it includes just as much the associated meanings, practices and fear of obsolescence. There is also a growing interest in the geographies of electronic waste. Inflexibility and inability to encode hierarchical prior knowledge could also quickly lead to rapid obsolescence.

CASE STUDIES — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

CONCLUSIONS — Fear of obsolescence pushes companies to propose ever-new ideas with the hope of attracting resources and, most importantly, believers. Mass consumption being one of the main engines of growth, everything must be done so that consumption does not stop. E-waste is increasingly exported to processing sites in China, India, Pakistan, Ghana and elsewhere across the global south, where it leads to devastating health effects. Among the “abnormally-grown” small-and-micro local businesses eyeing the Silicon Valley stereotype, “dwarf” and “small giant” firms are examples of context-based organizations. The tools of automation have become so efficient that they are replacing not just people in lines of traditional work, but threatening to dispossess the masses from resisting their own planned marginalization and obsolescence. Artificial intelligence agents show the extension of surveillance infrastructure further into everyday life, the ambivalent status of nonhuman assistants, and the troubling implications for the automation of administrative labor. Ophthalmology is both uniquely positioned to take advantage of AI yet also uniquely protected against obsolescence to machines. In its skepticism toward human exceptionalism, critical posthumanism demands a reexamination of the privileging of the human as the unequivocal standard for care. Obsolescence lowers the return to experience, flattening the age-earnings profile in faster-changing careers. Currently, Russian industry lags behind the industrial sectors of the world’s leading countries in terms of digitalization.

TEN FREE REFERENCES FROM THE INTERNET — … buy this booklet from Amazon …

Silicon Valley Problems
“Ten Problems for Silicon Valley in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2020; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page