Ten Problems for Internet in the 2020s

Booklet updated on 16 Dec 2022, now on sale as version 2.0

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Literature Review: Internet Problems for the 2020s

Originally designed in the spirit of interchange between scientists, Internet reached a status where large-scale technical limitations impose rethinking its fundamentals. This refers to design aspects (flexibility, scalability, etc.), technical aspects (networking, routing, traffic, address limitation, etc.), as well as economics (new business models, cost sharing, ownership, etc.). Evolving Internet poses architectural, design, and deployment challenges in terms of performance prediction, monitoring and control, admission control, extendibility, stability, resilience, delay-tolerance, and interworking with the existing infrastructures or with specialized networks [1].

Among technology firms in each of the six different geographic regions surveyed by CompTIA, the average rating for the future prospects of the overall technology industry skewed toward the higher end of the scale. Even with economic uncertainties and societal issues, the tech industry remains a robust choice for business growth and career advancement. There is no question that there are some negative elements, especially as technology applications reach massive scale and trigger unintended consequences. However, there is also no question that there are many positive outcomes, and a progressive approach to technology is a critical factor for sustained success [2].

Evidence of asymmetric power and abuse by content and applicant providers has not been found, indeed where concern has arisen is has involved the conduct or prospective conduct of telcos. There is nothing inefficient or unfair about the way in which internet traffic is currently handled and there is no justification for a levy on large content and application providers. Rather than promoting investment, an internet traffic tax would discourage the development and use of applications and therefore reduce the commercial business case for network investment. The proposed tax would harm Europe’s digital transformation [3].

Starting from such general references, this booklet identifies ten relevant areas from very recent contributions put forward at academic level in the form journal articles, conference proceedings and student theses. Ten freely accessible internet references have been selected for each area and direct links are provided at the end of each chapter for own consultation. Our selected references do not intend to mirror ranking indexes nor establish novel classifications. On the contrary, they are meant to represent peer-reviewed, diverse and scientifically-sound case studies for vertical dissemination aimed at non-specialist readers. They will also be able to scoop even more references through the bibliography that is reported at the end of each selected reference.

Without further ado, these are the “Ten Problems for Internet in the 2020s” that we are going to introduce in this booklet:

  1. spam,
  2. privacy,
  3. governance,
  4. addiction,
  5. jobs,
  6. advertising,
  7. infrastructure,
  8. scams,
  9. education,
  10. cybersecurity.

Each problem has its own dedicated chapter made of an introduction, a snippet from the 1st edition of this booklet, a short presentation of four new case studies, a conclusions section and the references list with links.

The final chapter of this booklet will report the conclusions from each chapter, again, in order to provide a complete executive summary.


[1] Call for Papers – The Fifteenth International Conference on Evolving Internet, INTERNET 2023, March 13, 2023 to March 17, 2023, Barcelona, Spain, online at , accessed on 7 Dec 2022

[2] CompTIA, “IT Industry Outlook 2023”, November 2022, CompTIA Inc., United States, online at , accessed on 7 Dec 2022

[3] B. Williamson, “An internet traffic tax would harm Europe’s digital transformation”, July 2022, Communication Chambers Limited, United Kingdom, online at , accessed on 7 Dec 2022

“Ten Problems for Internet in the 2020s” booklet for Amazon Kindle, 2022; click on the cover to go to the dedicated Amazon listing page internet movie database, internets, internet exp, internet protocol, internet banking